• Argentina
  • Presentation
  • The Republic of Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world by land area and the 32nd in population. It is a representative federal republic, whose President Cristina Kirchner. The country borders Chile and the Andes on its western border, the Atlantic Ocean and Uruguay to the east, more of the Atlantic Ocean and Brazil to the south and Bolivia and Paraguay to the north. Argentina is divided into 23 provinces plus the Federal District. It is worldly famous for Tango, its typical dances and barbecue. It holds the second HDI in Latin America as well as the 30th largest GDP in the world.
  • History
  • Originally inhabited by the Incas, the territory where Argentina is located was seized by the Spanish in 1516 and once went by the name of Vice Kingdom of the Rio da Prata. In 1810, inspired by the French and North American Revolutions, the country pursued its independence in May 25th in the episode known as the May Revolution, but it did not succeed. Argentina only achieved its independence thanks to the campaign of the general José de San Martín in 1816.

    The country grew impressively after its independence, attracting countless immigrants and turned its capital Buenos Aires into one of the biggest and most modern cities of the world. Populist politics swept the country off its feet in the figure of Juan Domingo Perón up until the mid-1940´s, when Argentina fell into the grip of a military dictatorship that lasted from 1966 until 1983 and threw the nation into battle against England in the so called Falklands War. After that date, Argentine reestablished democracy and went through some major financial crises that crippled the country´s growth.


    Argentina and soccer


    As a traditional powerhouse in soccer, Argentina took the World Cup home twice (1978 and 1986), as well as being runner-up also twice (1930 and 1990). It is the greatest winner in the history of the America Cup with 14 championships (same as Uruguay), the last one in 1993. The country´s major league teams have plenty of tradition and hold the greatest number of Libertadores Cup championships – 22 up until 2010, in addition to nine world trophies.



Capital
Buenos Aires
President
Cristina Kirchner
Population
39.745.613
Area
2.780.400
Language
Spanish
Currency
Peso
Time Zone
-3 GMT